Pump Knowledge

The Right Pump at The Right Place

Making choices can be difficult. Not only in private life, being late for work because you couldn’t decide what to wear; letting the waiter waite because you can’t make a choice from the menu? Life can be difficult. 😊

But also when it comes to selection of the best pump for your application there are usually many possibilities and it is hard to select the best pump for your application.
The correct selection of a pump is really important for the continuity and optimum performance in your production process. In order to arrive at that choice, a number of considerations have to be made. First question should be: do I need a centrifugal or a positive displacement pump?
Followed by making a list with all options you have and to write down the pre’s and the con’s 

Compare the possible options and make a choice on basis of the process requirements you value most. 

The four basic criteria that are to be considered at the column “mitigations” are:
- The viscosity of the medium
- The presence or absence of changing back pressures
- The regulation of the flow
- The desired flow rate of the pump

Viscosity: A centrifugal pump is ideal for thin liquids (<approx. 150 mPasc). Thicker liquids can also be pumped (limited), but the flow will drop very quickly, also as a result of higher energy consumption. (viscosity conversion table)

Changing back pressures: In the event of changing back pressures, a centrifugal pump will quickly deviate from its characteristic curve and start to function below standard or even stop completely. A positive displacement pump is virtually insensitive to changing back pressures (as long as there is no slippage internally).

Flow regulation: In applications where the flow rate must be controlled, a positive displacement pump is usually the best choice. The positive displacement principle makes this pump ideal for dosing applications. Optionally, centrifugal pumps can also be adjusted to be a dosing pump, but the increase in speed makes this solution almost always difficult.

Desired flow rate: With a desired flow rate of less than 300 l / h, usually a positive displacement pump is chosen because centrifugal pumps are virtually unavailable in this low capacity range. The principle of a centrifugal pump is not suitable for a low flow rate (partly from an economic point of view).

Above are the basic criteria for choosing a pump. Off course there are a number of other factors that are important, such as the nature of the medium (abrasive, solid parts, shear sensitive liquids), the process environment where the pump is used, such as hygiene, ATEX, cleaning (CIP or SIP) and last but not least: must the pump be leak free or pulsation free, must the pump be equipped with dosing function?

If all these points have been taken into consideration, then you can say: we have the right pump at the right place!

Related posts

Pump Knowledge

Diaphragm Pumps: The Workhorse For All Applications

A double diaphragm pump can be found in almost all areas of industry. The design allows the flow to remain constant with the ...

Pump Knowledge

8 Powerful Pumps Questions Each Engineer Must Ask

Selecting a pump might sound easy, but it can be a real science when you have to take all different factors ...

Diaphragm Pumps

10 Ways to Kill Your Diaphragm Pump

It is always nice to receive tips to avoid damaging your double diaphragm pump. Although a  diaphragm pump is...